Diabetes is the chronic condition that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin produced.
As a result, the affected person will no longer be able to use glucose from food she eats. This can lead to hyperglycemia or abnormally high blood glucose levels.
The classic symptoms of diabetes mellitus are fatigue, polyuria or frequent urination, polydipsia or increased thirst and unexplained weight loss. In type 1 diabetes, symptoms progress rapidly and are often spectacular. They move more slowly than type 2 diabetes, as does sometimes the diagnosis is made during a medical examination with a different pattern, in the absence of symptoms.
These symptoms may also bring diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), triggered by an absolute deficiency of insulin and the rise of anti-insulin hormones, which may progress to coma and death state. The ACD is much more common in people with type 1 diabetes. Before the discovery of insulin, people with this form of diabetes usually were dyies of ACD.
Treatment and management of diabetes
Diabetes treatment is aimed at maintaining the patient healthy like maintaining his quality of life and overall sense of well-being while preventing acute and chronic complications. Because treatment can affect almost every aspect of daily life, the diabetic patient plays a key role in the healthcare team. The majority of diabetics, better metabolic control or maintaining blood glucose levels close to normal values at all times will achieve the goal of preventing the onset of long-term complications. It will be more or less difficult to achieve this without causing acute side effects depending on the type of diabetes and treatment necessary to obtain a blood glucose that is near normal. Metabolic treatment goals and care must therefore be individualized. The education of health workers as well as people with diabetes and their family is the cornerstone of treatment and effective management of this disease.
Diabetes Type 1
Since it is characterized by the inability of the pancreas to secrete insulin; type 1 diabetes is particularly difficult to balance. Treatment requires a strict diet that is generally based on a rigorous calculation of rations, a regular exercise program, regular blood glucose monitoring at home several times a day, and multiple daily insulin injections.
Diabetes Type 2
Treatment usually involves a diet, physical exercise, blood glucose at home and, in most cases, taking oral medications or insulin administration. Injections of insulin are needed in about 40% of people with type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes mellitus
Treatment of women with gestational diabetes includes dietary counseling, regular exercise of moderate intensity, blood glucose monitoring and treatment with insulin if the diet does not allow itself to achieve good glycemic control. Interest in the treatment of gestational diabetes has been controversial.
But nothing beats being educated regarding the kind of lifestyle that you have to live with once you are confirmed with diabetes. Though it could be difficult, knowing that other people are able to function around the disease is a good motivator.